Maria Montessori, a current educational project
- To believe positively in the human being, free, creative, autonomous, independent, conscious and responsible.
- Knowing that we have no idea what kind of world our children will live in.
- Dare to discover new perspectives for the development of innate human potential.
- To act in the face of the issues and challenges of the modern world in an ideal of peace and planetary harmony.
- Torespond to the real needs of the child and of society with a human, open, adapted and active pedagogy.
Montessori, an alternative pedagogy
Maria Montessori built the Montessorian pedagogy on two internal mechanisms of the human being:
- The absorbing mind. Your child is naturally curious and interested, and unconsciously absorbs all the information that his environment makes available to him.
- Sensitive periods. Your child experiences limited periods of time when he is unconsciously and irrepressibly attracted to a certain type of acquisition such as order, movement, refinement of the senses, language, social development, ...
Once this sensitive period has passed, which is unique to each child, learning becomes a bigger job. It is therefore essential to give your child the freedom to choose his or her activities.
6 sensitive periods up to 6 years, according to Maria Montessori
Up to the age of 6, your child will go through six sensitive structuring periods that are crucial for his or her growth and the development of all his or her human, social, psychological and sensory potential.
Allows orientation, to be secure in the "where am I" to be able to move forward in life.
"The child adopts the language he hears around him; when he pronounces a word it is because he has learned it by hearing it and has retained it. But he uses it according to his own needs at the time. This knowledge of the word and the use he makes of it is not imitation in the sense of the talking parrot: it is a stored observation, an acquired knowledge" Maria Montessori
The senses are organs for grasping the images of the external world, necessary for the intelligence, just as the hand is the organ for grasping material things necessary for the body" Maria Montessori
To solve problems, to behave properly, and to live on a level acceptable to all" Maria Montessori
"It is the very basis of personality development. The child who is building himself must be constantly in motion. Not only those great movements which have an external purpose, but also those which are simply looking, thinking, reasoning" Maria Montessori
Around 18 months, the child is interested in "small objects" such as grains of rice that have fallen to the ground or dust, and catches them, thus coordinating his eye and hand.
The Montessori classroom, a place designed for your child
The organisation of the kindergarten classroom and the Montessori materials have been designed to take into account this double internal mechanism: absorbing mind and sensitive periods.
- Order and cues make your child feel secure and guide them in their choice of activities.
- The space allows for freedom of movement.
- Objects and furniture adapted to his size and strength allow him to appropriate them.
- Aesthetics and care make the place attractive and help him to invest in the work.
This environment will help your child to make the place their own, to feel at home, to feel part of this micro-society and give them the confidence to grow.
2.5 hours of independent work to learn to concentrate
In a Montessori classroom, free choice of activities, individual work time and concentration are encouraged each morning and afternoon by at least 2.5 hours of independent work.
This time, during which your child chooses an activity and works on it guided by the educators, is essential for him/her to appropriate and assimilate the chosen concept. Indeed, it is by repeating the activity as many times as necessary that your child learns to concentrate and acquire the fundamental data addressed by the activity in a lasting way. When they move on to another activity, this means that the concept has been acquired.
Interrupting your child during this concentration phase is as disturbing for him/her as being awakened in the middle of sleep.
The educator, a guide rather than a teacher
Your child has different developmental needs at each age, so the environment, teaching, learning materials and pedagogy must be adapted.
Montessori educators therefore follow a curriculum for each age group defined by Maria Montessori. For each of the first three age groups, the training leads to a diploma issued by the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI). Adolescence is an additional certification.
- 0-3 years: Help me to be by myself
- 3-6 years "Help me to do it myself
- 6-12 years: "Help me to think for myself
- 12-18 years: "Help me to be with others
- 18-24 year olds: "Help me to engage and invest in society
These courses are identical for all Montessorian educators worldwide and are internationally recognised.
Maria Montessori, a visionary
One of the first female doctors in Italy in 1896, Maria Montessori opened the first Montessori school in Italy, the Casa dei Bambini, and was twice nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. She is known throughout the world for her pedagogy, which aims to develop the child's autonomy: "Teach me to do it alone".
From physical to mental autonomy
The Montessori School of Neuilly-sur-Seine also prepares your child for the acquisition of psychic independence by :
- The development of the mathematical mind,
- Logical thinking,
As your child works in our school, he or she comes closer to an awareness of his or her own will to move towards independence. He is still guided by his sensitive periods, but the appearance of willpower, even before freedom, demonstrates the acquisition of his growing autonomy.